Fabric Glossary

Chenille:

A fabric woven with chenille yarns which has a pile effect similar to velvet, and when woven can appear like pile-like velvet, or if woven on a jacquard loom, can look similar to a cut velvet.

Cotton:

A white vegetable fiber grown in warmer climates in many parts of the world, has been used to produce many types of fabric for hundreds of years.

Denim:

A twill weave cotton fabric made with different colored yarns. Due to the twill construction, one color predominates on the fabric surface.

Jacquard:

Woven fabrics manufactured by using the Jacquard attachment on the loom. A fabric with an intricately woven pattern.

Lamé:

A woven fabric using flat silver or gold metal threads, to create either the design, or the background, in the fabric.

Faux Leather:

A Simulated leather.

Linen:

A natural plant fiber, linen fibers are stronger and more lustrous than cotton.

Matelassé:

A medium to heavyweight luxury fabric made in a double cloth construction to create a blistered or quilted surface.

Tapestry:

A heavy, ribbed fabric, featuring an elaborate design depicting a theme.

Twill:

A fabric that shows distinct diagonal lines on the face (e.g., denim, gabardine,).

Ultrasuede:

An imitation suede fabric composed of polyester microfibers. Hand and appearance resemble sheep suede.

Woven Fabric:

Fabrics composed of two sets of yarns.

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